When the FDA Isn’t Quite Honest With Us – Truth about Pet Food

In late September 2021, the FDA hosted a virtual Listening Session giving pet owners, advocates, and industry an opportunity to voice their concerns about the regulation of pet food. Before everyone else could speak, the FDA spoke to us.

The Director of FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine Dr. Steven Solomon was the first FDA representative to speak. As expected, Dr. Solomon explained what FDA does to protect pet owners…

“Our response teams continue to encourage swift and complete recalls or market withdrawals when issues occur. These prevent further exposure to product and provide warning and other information to the public as soon as possible so that you can make informed decisions.”

Notice that Dr. Solomon stated the agency ‘encourages swift and complete recalls’. Shouldn’t the FDA make certain pet foods are recalled swiftly and completely? (Yes, they should.) So…how is FDA doing with that recall encouragement? The agency doesn’t have the best record…as example:

On January 31, 2019 Hill’s pet food announced a recall of canned pet foods for excess vitamin D. Two months later, Hill’s expanded the recall to include many other products. The FDA failed to properly trace the recall for two months.

In December 2019 Smucker’s issued a recall of canned cat food for excess levels of choline chloride. In July 2020twenty-nine weeks later – Smucker’s issued another recall of canned cat food for excess levels of choline chloride. The FDA failed to properly trace the recall for more than six months.

And as expected, Dr. Solomon gave the same old excuse to why the agency doesn’t always perform as they should…

FDA simply doesn’t have enough resources to be everywhere at once, but we continue to do the very best we can to respond to food borne incidents, to conduct surveillance and inspections of the industry, to fill scientific gaps in our knowledge, and develop new guidance and regulations when needed to address emerging public health issues.”

But…then Dr. Solomon tells the audience that Congress did provide the agency with more funding. And what did Dr. Solomon say the agency did with that money? Was it spent to properly investigate recalls? Properly monitor known pet food contaminants? No, it wasn’t.

“Congress recently gave CVM some additional resources to increase our staffing levels. With additional staff members we’ve reduced the time it takes to complete our ingredient review and we hope to continue that trend into the future.”

FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine used the additional resources given to them by Congress to hire staff members that will review new ingredients for industry. Instead of hiring additional staff to properly investigate recalls or properly monitor known pet food risks – the FDA decided to spend that additional funding to make industry more money (approval of new pet food/animal feed ingredients).

The next FDA representative to speak was Tracey Forfa, JD – Deputy Director of FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine. Notice that Ms. Forfa is a lawyer, not a scientist or veterinarian. What does that tell us when the Deputy Director of Center for Veterinary Medicine is a lawyer?

Speaking after Tracey Forfa was Jenny Murphy Deputy Director for Foods CVM Office of Surveillance and Compliance. Both Ms. Forfa and Ms. Murphy made statements regarding FDA being a ‘science-based’ agency.

Tracey Forfa: “We are both a regulatory agency and because there is no CDC for animals, we are also a public health agency, and we keep science as our foundation.”

Jenny Murphy: “FDA again uses risk-based decision making and the best science available to consider how to enforce federal regulations.

These claims of being science-based are absolutely not true when it comes to one very significant federal regulation that FDA allows pet food to violate. In response to our Citizen Petition, Dr. Steven Solomon stated “we do not believe that the use of diseased animals or animals that died otherwise than by slaughter to make animal food poses a safety concern and we intend to continue to exercise enforcement discretion.” We asked for the science FDA based this ‘belief’ that animal waste is safe for pets to consume through a Freedom of Information Act request. The FDA response was: “After searching our files, we did not find the requested records.”

Science as FDA foundation? Not always.

The FDA should be held accountable for their statements. In an attempt for accountability, we posted the following statement on the Regulations.gov website (comment to the Listening Session):

During the FDA Virtual Pet Food Listening Session held in September 2021, the FDA made several statements we challenge for accuracy and we ask for further explanation to.

Dr. Solomon stated “Our response teams continue to encourage swift and complete recalls or market withdrawals when issues occur.” When recall data is examined we found this statement to not be completely accurate. Two concerning examples are (1) Hill’s Pet Food recall in January 2019 and expanded two months later; and (2) Smucker’s excess choline chloride canned cat food recall in December 2019 and subsequent excess choline chloride canned cat food recall more than six months later in July 2020. A two month and six month delay cannot be considered “swift”.

And then Dr. Solomon informed listeners that FDA was provided more funding by Congress and instead of hiring investigators to properly investigate recalls, the agency decided to hire individuals that can speed up the ingredient approval process for industry. Considering the recent history of recall investigation failures, we ask was it appropriate for FDA to spend money from Congress to benefit industry instead of pet owners?

We would also like to point out that both Ms. Tracey Forfa and Ms. Jenny Murphy told the audience that FDA CVM is a science based agency. However, we remind FDA that you have not provided the science to prove animals that have died other than by slaughter or diseased animals allowed by the agency to be processed into pet food (with no disclosure to the consumer) is safe for pets to consume. We filed a FOIA request for the science, to which FDA responded “we could not find the requested records.” We ask FDA to stand behind your claim of being science based and provide pet owners the science to validate your belief this material is safe for pets to consume. Or, without the science, fully enforce the law and prohibit this material in pet food.

It’s unlikely FDA will respond, but if they do – it will be shared. To watch a recording of the event, Click Here. To post a comment to FDA regarding the regulation of pet food, Click Here.

Wishing you and your pet(s) the best,

Susan Thixton
Pet Food Safety Advocate
Author Buyer Beware, Co-Author Dinner PAWsible
Association for Truth in Pet Food

Become a member of our pet food consumer Association. Association for Truth in Pet Food is a stakeholder organization representing the voice of pet food consumers at AAFCO and with FDA. Your membership helps representatives attend meetings and voice consumer concerns with regulatory authorities. Click Here to learn more.

What’s in Your Pet’s Food?
Is your dog or cat eating risk ingredients?  Chinese imports? Petsumer Report tells the ‘rest of the story’ on over 5,000 cat foods, dog foods, and pet treats. 30 Day Satisfaction Guarantee. Click Here to preview Petsumer Report. www.PetsumerReport.com

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The 2021 List
Susan’s List of pet foods trusted to give her own pets. Click Here to learn more.

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